Ionic and electronic control of matter open new dimensions for exploration, design, and control of physical and electrochemical functionalities on the mesoscopic and ultimately atomic scales. Achieving this goal requires bridging the gap between vast, but largely phenomenological knowledge on solid state electrochemical systems, condensed matter physics, and the advanced capabilities of modern computational tools, paving the way for knowledge-driven design and optimization of these systems. The encompassing goal of this theme is to understand the link connecting the atomic scale physics of electronic and ionic motion with chemistry and electrochemistry.

  1. What are the fundamental material properties that define electronic and ionic motion at the atomic level?
  2. Can defects be designed to control chemical and electrochemical reactivity?
  3. Can we understand and exploit proximity and long-range effects in mesoscopic electrochemical structures?

The ambitions of this theme will be achieved through leading-edge synthesis techniques and engineered nanoscale architectures, evaluated with advanced chemical, electrochemical, computational, and scanning probe methods. A significant effort in the theme is dedicated to the development of new enabling capabilities in the areas of local characterization and synthesis, furthering both the Center’s scientific research and user programs. This combination of approaches will provide the missing insight into the nanoscale origins of electronic and ionic functionality.

Signature Strengths for this Theme: